The different types of HRIS
HRIS can be classified into four major types based on the functions they perform, the different challenges they help to tackle and the different requirements in the HR and employee management space. The four types of HRIS are:
HRIS functions that help stakeholders perform certain operations are commonly referred to as Operational HRIS. For example, the employee information stored on all employees helps the manager and the organization to fetch them for performing certain functions like placing the employees in the right place within the organizational structure. Knowing the information on their performances to manage it and review it are also part of the Operational HRIS.
Tactical HRIS takes care of the processes that help in decision-making for the managers with respect to the usage of the resources. This includes actions like Recruiting, Job and Design Analysis, Employee Training and Compensation/Benefits in the organization.
All these actions require information on the employees, vacancies in the organization, etc., which is done using Tactical HRIS.
Strategic HRIS comes of use when a company is looking to expand or grow, strategically. Strategic HRIS helps in the proper planning of the workforce and stay aware about the labor resources available. As a part of this, Strategic HRIS holds information that supports workforce planning and a specialized HRIS system on the whole with certain HR functions to help manage and understand labor resources.
Comprehensive HRIS is more of everything involved in HR actions, including the above three types. It acts as a combined platform with all HR files, employee information, open positions, hiring and job details, job analysis and design files, guidelines files on employee safety, etc., It acts as a place with all information that can be produced at any time to perform any action.