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Definition of Team Building:

Team Building is used by managers to improve the performance of the team via various games and team-building activities. It helps in building trust and interpersonal bonding amongst team members. These activities are designed such that they bring out the strengths of every team member. All of these ultimately help to achieve the organizations’ goals.

How does Team Building work?

Team-Building activities are not a one-time thing. It is a gradual process, wherein managers inculcate tasks and activities on a daily, weekly or, a monthly basis. This can be long-term tasks or short-term activities. To get started, the following steps will help. 

  • Identify the need for building teams: Is it for a short-term task? What skills are required for this purpose? How many people would be necessary? How is this activity contributing to company goals? Some questions to consider.
  • Define the roles, responsibilities, and objectives of the team: Ensure that you provide task objectives, delegate responsibilities, timeline, resources, technical training and so on. 
  • Create a team with the right skill set: Once you know the purpose of forming the team and what you need to achieve the goals, you can now zero in on the team members. As a manager, work wholly with the team, not as a boss, but as team member, guide and a mentor. 
  • Share the rules and Encourage feedback: Let the team members know what is acceptable and encourage them to share their viewpoint and provide suggestions, if any. 
  • Keep track of the team’s progress: See how your team is performing from time to time. See if there’s a need for intervention and realign the short-term goals accordingly. 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Team Building


  • Helps you identify the strengths and weaknesses of the team members, which ultimately helps the manager to build teams effectively. 
  • It helps in improving interpersonal relationships among team members, fostering trust and collaboration. 
  • Provides clarity on the roles and responsibilities of the team member. 
  • Provides a trusting space where employees can share feedback and speak up. It makes them feel valued and motivates them to perform their best. It encourages employees to think creatively and provide out-of-the-box solutions to problems.
  • It helps to save time on a particular task by delegating it to the entire team than to an individual.
  • It can vastly improve the productivity of your employees. After all, they are given tasks based on their strengths, they know the objectives, and have a space to work with team members they like. 


  • Can mask the performance of the free riders, since the effectiveness of the team is valued more than that of the individual team members. 
  • Sometimes, managers have to spend time on resolving conflicts amongst team members, since people cannot always be on the same page. This can lead to waste of time and effort. 
  • It becomes difficult to evaluate the performance of the team members, as the outcomes are associated with the team as a whole and not individual members. 
  • Team building activities take time, effort and resources, in addition to the time spent on coordinating with the team, gathering feedback, resolving issues and so on. 
  • It becomes difficult to identify what led to a task failure or successs mainly because team members are busy taking the accountability and credit for the work that was done by the team as a whole. 


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